In this article:

This paper reviews established knowledge relating to salt in soil and places this knowledge in an Australian viticultural setting, highlighting the interaction between soil, salinity and grapevines.

Definition of terms, procedures for measuring salts in irrigation water and soil, and critical limits of salinity and sodicity are presented.

Irrigation induced salinity, associated accumulation of sodium, decline of the structure of soil, and the consequent adverse effects of increased salinity and poor physical fertility on the performance of the vine and grape quality are presented.

New approaches are presented for the assessment and classification of soil salinity and sodicity.

Strategies for surviving with salinity, such as rootstock choice, particularly with regard to the exclusion of sodium and chloride, and soil management practices for control of salinity and sodicity are offered.

The importance of adopting salt-excluding rootstocks is demonstrated.

Vineyard Soil Degradation by Salt Accumulation and the Effect on the Performance of the Vine


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